News

Order of the Sword for Ukraine

This Friday representatives from Sweden, Ukraine and Estonia gathered fro the ceremony of the presentation of the Ukrainian museum Hetman’s Capital with the exact replica of the eighteenth-century badge of the Swedish Order of the Sword.

It had been more than two years since the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood was contacted by the Ukrainian museum Hetman’s Capital in the city Baturin for assistance in finding information about an award presented to Grigory Orlik, son of a famous Ukrainian hetman in exile, close ally and supporter of Ivan Mazepa, who famously went against Peter the Great during the battle near Poltava and allied himself with Charles XII of Sweden. For a very long time no research had been done into the personal history of the people involved, but recent studies revealed a treasure trove of information.

Most interesting for the Tallinn Museum with its speciality in orders of knighthood, was that Grigory was awarded the Order of the Sword of Sweden. Since the insignia of the Swedish Royal Order of the Sword of the required period is extremely rare and there was no possibility of obtaining an original, a unique solution was proposed and executed with the full support of the Swedish Chancery of Orders by the official makers of Swedish insignia Atelier Borgila AB.

For the first time in the history of Sweden, a copy of a rare badge was officially produced for a museum. This job was done by the skillful jewelers brothers Ingemansson following the exact process of the 18th century and took more than half a year to perfect. Many visitors came to see both the rare original badge of the Order on loan from HM the King of Sweden and the exact reproduction at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood last week. Now the badge will be travelling to Ukraine where it will become part of the permanent exhibition on Grégoire Orlyk.

A Gracious Gift from Brazil

The Tallinn Museum of Orders was able to significantly expand its exhibition of Brazilian orders with the addition of several high awards graciously donated by the family of His Excellency Joao Luiz Pereira Pinto the Ambassador of Brazil in Finland.

The Order of Rio Branco and the Order of Aeronautical Merit were awarded to the Ambassador’s father Carlos Alberto Pereira Pinto, and the Order of Naval Merit – to his father-in-law Joao Clemente Baena Soares, both high-ranking Brazilian diplomats and statesmen.

It was now possible to display not only the Imperial period of Brazil but also the awards of the 20th century. The Tallinn Museum is grateful to the family of the Ambassador for their assistance in promoting the history of orders and decorations and the culture of Brazil.

Treasures from King Street

New exhibitions at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood

Guests from all over the world gathered on the 24.01.2020 at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood as the museum celebrated 3 years since its official opening. Especially for this event, the curators of the Museum prepared the exhibition Treasures from King Street. The exhibition is set to last until May 15 and showcases along with the already known masterpieces new acquisitions, accumulated during the past 3 years and displayed at the museum for the first time.

Included in the exhibition is the unique badge of the Order of the White Eagle belonging to Peter the Great, presented to Peter by King Augustus the Strong of Poland in 1710. Other interesting historical pieces are the diamond-studded badge of the Starry Cross of Charlotte, Empress of Mexico, several orders of the last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, Charles I; the awards and marshal’s baton of Britain’s Field-Marshall Grenfell, the diamond badge and star of the Order of Alexander Nevsky presented by Nicholas II of Russia to Paul Deschanel, later president of France. A significant new addition was the ceremonial robes of the English Order of the Garter – the first royal order to be established and the one with the most unusual insignia – a garter – blue belt used to keep socks from falling down. Along with the traditional garter in blue velvet with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shame on him who thinks this evil) written in gold, visitors can also see the rare diamond-studded insignia.

New Exhibition now open!

 A new exhibition has opened at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood – “Jewels of Freemasonry“!

On display are insignia of the Freemasons from British and American lodges of the late 19th – early 20th century. The vast majority of exhibits are made of precious metals.

The exhibition is designed to familiarize visitors with the symbols of Masons. Items presented to the visitors are an integral part of the history of this fraternity, which everyone has heard about, but few people know. Masonic jewels, as visible manifestation of the secret lodges, are genuine masterpieces of jewel craft. Through them, the visitors will get a glimpse of Freemasonry and slightly lift the veil of secrecy over this mysterious organization.

Get Knighted at the Museum!

Special Programme for Children ages 6 to 12!

Children, get Knighted at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood!

28 December from 12:00 to 13:30.
Сhildren will learn about the different orders of knighthood and their badges, take part in a fun quiz, establish their own order and design badges for it. Those who are brave, noble and cunning will be knighted.

 

Regular prices for tickets apply – no extra charge! Limited spaces available – book now!

For more information call: +372 5750 1994 or send your booking request to tallinnmuseum@gmail.com

250 years of the Russian military Order of St George

The Order of St George – the first and only order of the Russian Empire awarded exclusively for military merit – was established by Catherine the Great on 26 November (9 December) 1769. The Order had four classes and was awarded to officers of the army and navy for services in the military field and valour in combat.

Until 1833, the 4th class could be awarded for long service, but later only for extraordinary courage on the battlefield. As a rule, it was necessary to have already been awarded the 4th class of the Order before receiving higher awards, but this rule was not always adhered to. The 1st class was awarded only 25 times. The prestige of the Order was extremely high – as even the Russian tsars were often awarded only the 4th class of the Order.

In 1807, Emperor Alexander I introduced the Cross of Saint George – “soldiers’ St George”, as a reward for lower military ranks for “undaunted courage”, which in 1856 was divided into four classes.

To celebrate the anniversary of the Order many museums organised special exhibitions and conferences.

The first badge of the Order of St George. Catherine the Great declared herself the Head of the new Order by assigning herself with the first class insignia. Is the rider on the horse actually a lady? Moscow Kremlin Museums

The Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood

The Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthhood has on display a badge of the Russian Imperial Order of St George belonging to Austrian Field Marshal Hennequin Count of Fresner and Curel.

The Moscow Kremlin Museums
The Moscow Kremlin held an International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the establishment of the Order of St George on November 13-14, which was attended by specialists from Russia, the UK, Sweden, Finland and Estonia.
In addition to the conference, the Moscow Kremlin Museums organised an exhibition in the Armoury Chamber and published a wonderful book Statute of the Order of St George by Lyudmila Gavrilova.
The State Historical Museum
On 6 December 2019, the State Historical Museum of Moscow hosted the grand opening of the exhibition For Service and Courage. Among the exhibits are military orders of Europe, which served as prototypes for the highest military award, regimental badges, banners, order weapons and accessories. (Photo courtesy Sammlung Collection)

The exhibition will be open until 16 March 2020.

The State Hermitage
Another wonderful exhibition dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the Order of St. George opened on December 4 in the Hermitage. The exhibits are not limited to order insignia, statutes and documents, but include weapons, portraits of the knights of the Order, photographs, drawings and posters, order tableware and various souvenirs and accessories associated with the Order.
All 405 objects from the exhibition are wonderfully presented in the impeccably executed catalogue of the exhibition (345 pages). In addition to a detailed scientific description of all objects, the catalogue prepared by the Hermitage team (Vilinbakhov, Dobrovolskaya, Lukyanchikova, Vedensky, Yalovko) provides an opportunity to study the slightest details of even the smallest badges and objects and has certainly already become a reference book for all collectors and researchers of the Order of St George.

The exhibition will be open until 3 March 2020.

Tsaritsino

On 18 August 2019, the Tsaritsino Museum in Moscow opened their exhibition of one painting delivered from the Grand Master’s Palace in Valletta. The fully restored portrait of Empress Catherine II of Russia (1729-1796), painted by Dimitri Grigorievic Levitzky (1735-1822) can be seen until 12 January 2020, when it will be returning to Malta.

We suggest to all interested in phaleristics to take this unique opportunity to travel to Russia and visit these museums before the exhibitions are closed and the books are sold out.

Princess Mary’s Diamond GBE Star in Tallinn

The movie Downton Abbey has been stirring up a buzz for the meticulously recreated period costumes and jewelry, but we have of course focused on the order insignia, and especially so, as the movie features Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, the late aunt to HM Queen Elizabeth, played by Kate Phillips.

The movie is set in 1927, the same year that the Princess was made Dame Grand Cross of the British Empire and she is portrayed wearing the insignia, including a purple sash of the Order, at a fictional ball thrown in honour of her parents, George V and Queen Mary, at Harewood House.

Most of Princess Mary’s personal archive, including correspondence, diaries, clothing and personal effects have recently been handed to the National Trust and we can expect to see them at the Harewood Estate.

Fans of the movie will be interested to know that Princess Mary’s original diamond star of the Order of the British Empire can be seen in Tallinn (Estonia) at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood. The beautiful diamond star was comissioned for the coronation of her brother George VI (1937) and was worn by her on many occasions.

By the way, visitors to the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood can also see the diamond-studded garter, similar to the one worn by George V.

ICOM Kyoto 2019

The 25th General Conference of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) has just finished in Kyoto and was a great success! More than 4500 participants from 120 countries and regions gathered here to discuss and exchange ideas and experiences. Estonia was represented by 25 delegates, including those from the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood. Our Curator Catherine Lapinsh made a presentation  History from a Different Perspective.

During the 7 days of the conference museum workers from all over the world could exchange their views on the future of museums and discuss the important issues that museums face in the modern world. It was a great opportunity to get acquainted with Japanese museums, culture and traditions. Memebersof the ICOMAM were able to see the traditional production of katanas and learn the process of taking care of the swords in the collection of the Kyoto National Museum.

Summer Internship at the Tallinn Museum

 The Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood has many different programmes for children, teenagers and young people. And this summer we launched our internship programmme. In July we welcomed our first interns! Youngsters from the age of 17 took advantage of the possibility to find out what it would be like to work at a museum! For two weeks students from Finland worked besides curators, researchers, guides and welcoming staff.

 

For certain, having an acute interest in history is essential to enjoy working at a museum, but our research laboratory also provides a good platform for those who are science enthusiasts.

One of our young interns was most interested in research, and with some guidance from our team he performed the analyses, both chemical and historical, of two new objects that have just recently been added to the funds of our museum.

His research made it possible to determine, that one of the coronets, initially thought to have been made for the coronation of Edward VII, in 1902, was actually made more than half a century earlier, for the coronation of Queen Victoria!

He also got a chance to show off his skills by making a presentation of his work at his high school in Finland and a research poster for us.

If you are a student (17+) and are interested in trying yourself as a museum worker at the Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood next Summer, make sure to check our site for more information in February 2020. We look forward to sharing this experience with you!

Another reason to visit the Baltic region this year!

As if you needed another reason to come to Tallinn or Helsinki – two beautiful cities very conveniently connected by a 2-hour ferry ride. Well, if you are interested in orders and decorations, then this year you have just one more – the new exhibition at the National Archives of Finland in Helsinki, Rauhankatu 17 – Finnish Orders of Merit: 100 years, organised by the Finnish Chancery of Orders. The opening took place on 4 December, the exhibition will last for a year and is free to enter.

Apart from showcasing the history of the development of the Finnish honours system, its traditions, rules of wearing decorations it also shows the awards of Mauno Koivisto (an exhibition that could previously be seen at the Turku Castle).

The exhibition includes all the awards of President Mauno Koivisto
Koivisto’s Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland (1970)
Mauno Koivisto – the Golden Order of the International Olympic Committee (1994)
Mauno Koivisto – 1st Calss (Grand Cross) of the Terra Mariana Order of Estonia (2001)
Mauno Koivisto – Knight with Collar of the Swedish Royal Order of the Seraphim (1982, Collar 1983)
Mauno Koivisto – Knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant (1983)
Mauno Koivisto – Order of Lenin of the USSR (1983)
The Finnish Honour System – insignia of the Orders of the White Rose and the Lion of Finland
Secretary of Legation Leo Sager’s medal bar and miniature chain
Decorations of the Order of the Cross of Liberty
Proposals for the insignia of the Order of the White Rose of Finland by  Gallen-Kallela
Gallen-Kallela Order of the White Rose
Gallen-Kallela’s scetch for a decoration
Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
Akseli Gallen-Kallela: first scetch of the Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
scetches of the Order of the White Rose
Honoric Order of the Rose of Finland. Gallen-Kallela’s scetch on the lid of a sigarette case (2 February 2018) with accompanying letter
“Star Showers”  in December due to Awardings in connection with Independence Day (Helsingin Sanomat 1952)
Fownder of the orders – Marshal of Finland Gustaf Mannerheim

Don’t forget to pick your own copy of the Catalogue at the Exhibition!

There is also an excellent brochure from the Exhibition in Turku. It is in Finnish  Swedish and English.

Tallinn Museum in the Press

POSTIMEES: Eesti eramuuseumis avastati Peeter Suurele kuulunud orden
SPUTNIK EESTI: В Таллинне нашли орден Белого орла, принадлежавший Петру I
DELFI: Внезапное открытие: орден из таллиннского музея принадлежал Петру Первому
Tallinna TV: New Museum in Tallinn
ETV+: В Таллинне открылся уникальный музей наград и орденов
PEALINN: Jüri Kuuskemaa rüütliordude muuseumist: seal on metallehistöö kõrgeim tase!
LINNALEHT: Tallinna Rüütliordude Muuseum eksponeerib 700 hinnalist ordenit
POSTIMEES: в Таллинне открылся новый музей
ERR.EE: Galerii: avati Rüütliordude muuseum
imeline ajalugu: Tallinnas avati rüütliordude muuseum
МК - ЭСТОНИЯ: В Таллинне открылся музей орденов